Smoking, directly or indirectly, is the cause of many cancers, including cervical cancer. Many studies have shown that toxic substances in cigarette smoke are the main cause of destroying healthy cells and accelerating the growth of malignant cancer cells.
Not paying attention to hygiene
Foreskin and fores potential disease risks.
Do not use condoms
Many people find using condoms uncomfortable so they choose not to wear them, but this habit is very dangerous.
If a man is carrying the HPV virus, it is very likely that he will infect his other half. Condoms are more than just contraception, they are also an important line of defense against sexually transmitted diseases.
Causes of cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is cancer that develops from abnormal cells in the cervix. Anatomically, the cervix is the lower part of the uterus, which is connected to the vagina at the bottom and to the uterus at the top. All women are at risk for cervical cancer, especially in women over the age of 30.
Many studies show that HPV infection is the leading cause of cervical cancer, 90-100% of cervical cancers are HPV-positive. Although there are more than 200 different types of HPV, only about 40 are sexually transmitted and at least 15 are associated with cancer. Groups 16, 18, 45, 56 are often associated with severe dysplastic lesions and invasive cervical cancer. HPV group 18 is associated with adenocarcinoma and poorly differentiated carcinoma of the cervix as well as the rate of lymph node metastasis and the likelihood of disease recurrence. Studies show that HPV group 16 is associated with squamous cell carcinoma with a lower recurrence rate. Because of the clear association between HPV infection and the risk of cancer, many studies have now been carried out and have found an anti-HPV vaccine to reduce persistent HPV infection as well as reduce the number of HPV infections. dysplastic lesions.
Cervical cancer is caused by many factors, in addition to the main factor of HPV infection, there are other risk factors such as: Sexual behavior (women who have sex early, many partners), infection, herpes virus infection, effects of semen, immunocompromised state, smoking, nutrition.
Cervical cancer warning signs
Women Early-stage and precancerous cervical cancers often have no symptoms. Until the cancer becomes larger and grows into nearby tissue it can cause symptoms, the most common being:
– Abnormal vaginal bleeding such as: Bleeding after vaginal sex; bleeding after menopause; spotting bleeding between periods or having periods that last longer or are heavier than usual; Bleeding after douching may also occur.
Abnormal vaginal discharge: The discharge may contain some blood and may occur between menstrual cycles or after menopause.
– Vaginal discharge that is yellow, has an unpleasant odor or has bloody mucus.
– Pain in the lower abdomen, frequent urination, discomfort when urinating.
Pain during sex.
– Pain in the pelvic area.
Signs and symptoms as the disease progresses may include:
– Be swelled the leg.
– Problems urinating or having a bowel movement. Urinating, passing blood when the cancer invades the bladder and rectum.
– Fatigue and unexplained weight loss
These signs and symptoms can also be caused by conditions other than cervical cancer. However, if you have any of these symptoms, you should see a specialist right away. Ignoring symptoms can cause cancer to progress to a more advanced stage and reduce the chances of successful treatment.
Minh Hoa (th)