Unlucky love affairs in Vietnamese history: Unlucky love affairs
The ancient temple and the devoted princess
Dai Giac Pagoda is located in Hiep Hoa Commune, Tran Bien Canton (now Bien Hoa City, Dong Nai Province) is one of the ancient temple most in the South.
According to the documents that are still preserved in the Buddhist Church of the city of Bien Hoa, in the middle of the 17th century, there were 3 monks belonging to the Lam Te sect, from the Central region to Dong Nai spreading Buddhism.
Monk Thanh Nhac and some Buddhists went to the land along the Dong Nai River (now Buu Hoa Commune, Bien Hoa City) to build Long Thien Pagoda (1664); the monk Thanh Tri followed the group of immigrants working in a quarry to climb Buu Long Mountain with the Chinese to build the Buu Phong Pagoda (1679); the monk Thanh Dang (1686 – 1769), and some people came to claim land and build the Dai Giac Pagoda (1665).
In the late 18th century, the Trinh Nguyen conflict, followed by the confrontation between Nguyen Anh and the Tay Son movement, lasted for many years. When the Tay Son army prevailed, Nguyen Anh and his family on the way to escape stopped at Dai Giac Pagoda and were welcomed by the temple.
After Nguyen Anh ascended the throne, he ordered the restoration of the temple. The military mandarins allowed the soldiers to build, they brought war elephants to transport building materials, day and night they used their feet to trample the ground of the pagoda to make it flat and firm, so the pagoda was named Tuong Pagoda. The pagoda is also known as the Big Buddha Temple because the king offered a nearly 2.5m tall jackfruit statue of Amitabha Buddha for worship in the main hall. Another name of the pagoda is Front Pagoda, because the pagoda is located in front of the Chuc Tho Pagoda (Sau Temple) built by Mr.
October 1820, King Minh Mang for the restoration of Dai Giac. In 1952, Bien Hoa suffered a huge flood (in the year of the Dragon) and the pagoda was badly damaged. It was not until 1959, with the contribution of the people of the region, that the abbot, Venerable Thich Thien Hy (1921 – 1979), rebuilt the entire temple.
In the choice of Nguyen Anh’s concubines, on the day they came to live in Dai Giac Pagoda, there was a third princess named Nguyen Phuc Ngoc Anh (Princess Bao Loc), at that time, at a young age, but quite fluent. in the Buddhist scriptures. . When the group left, Princess Ngoc Anh asked Nguyen Anh to stay in the temple, hiding at the Buddha’s gate.
After Nguyen Anh ascended the throne, he issued a decree to summon the princess to the capital. Unable to disobey her father’s orders, Ngoc Anh had to return to court. Upon returning to Hue, Princess Ngoc Anh swore not to marry, but she sincerely became a vegetarian and recited the Buddha’s name in her private residence, praying for peace and prosperity for the dynasty and all peoples.
In December of the year of Mao (early 1820), King Gia Long died. In the first month of the year Canh Thin (1820), Nguyen Phuoc Dam ascended the throne and assumed the reign as Minh Mang. At that time, in the South, there was a famous Zen master, Lieu Dat Thiet Thanh.
Book Vietnamese zen master (The Most Venerable Thich Thanh Tu, Ho Chi Minh City Buddhist Association publication, 1991) and many other Buddhist documents and dialogues said:
Later people did not know the Zen master’s birth year, but described him as having a tall figure, a kind face, an inspiring voice, majestic, poise, and scholarly Buddhist knowledge. The zen master was summoned by king Minh Mang Tu An Pagoda (Gia Dinh) went to Hue, was made a national monk to lecture the sutras to the royal family, and bestowed the title of Venerable Lien Hoa.
As soon as she met Zen master Lieu Dat Thiet Thanh, Princess Ngoc Anh fell in love. Although she knew that the Zen master was a Buddhist, she was not allowed to become attached to the world, but the princess still suggested that the Zen master break the precepts in order to enter into a relationship. The Zen master used Buddhism to explain the daily life to the princess, hoping that her daughter would wake up soon and leave her unjust love.
When he still did not know how to solve his problems, his teacher, the Venerable Buddha Y Linh Nhac – abbot of Tu An Pagoda in Gia Dinh Vien passed away (in 1821), took the opportunity to request a visit to Tu An Pagoda, mourning his master. , and later becoming abbot.
Ever since Zen master Lieu Dat Thiet Thanh left the imperial city of Hue, Princess Ngoc Anh missed her day and night, not wanting to eat or sleep. The princess then asked the king to let him go to Tu An Pagoda to make offerings, in order to be sincere to the Buddha.
Hearing that the princess was coming, Zen master Lieu Dat Thiet Thanh moved to Dai Giac (Tran Bien) Pagoda for a 2-year retreat. Princess Ngoc Anh arrived at Tu An Pagoda without meeting the Zen master, extremely disappointed. After learning that the Zen master was in retreat at the Dai Giac Pagoda, Princess Ngoc Anh decided to go to this temple to make offerings. The princess asked someone to take her to the zen master’s retreat and she asked to meet him outside, but he was silent.
Suffering, the princess knelt down in front of the temple, did not eat or drink and demanded to meet her. The monk remained silent.
Finally, Princess Ngoc Anh bowed her head in front of the temple and said: “If it is not convenient for the monk to go out to see the concubine, let the monk see the monk’s hand, the disciple will go away happy.”
Touched by the heart of the princess of the Nguyen dynasty, the Zen master put his hand through the small window for the princess to see. Unexpectedly, the princess of love did not hold back, grabbing the Zen master’s hand as he kissed and cried, tears wetting the monks’ hands.
At midnight that night, while everyone was sleeping, the zen master’s retreat caught fire. When everyone ran to put out the fire, the quiet room burned down, and the Zen master’s body also turned to ash. The strange thing is that on the wall of the main hall of the pure room there is still a verse from the Zen master:
Defeat the virtue of perfecting the scriptures in the world
A city without turbidity is still pure
Lieu tri dreams as illusory as illusory
How many times have you reached enlightenment?
Below are the words: Mark Sa Mon Thiet Thanh Lieu Dat.
The zen master used fire to burn himself and awaken princess Ngoc Anh. After the zen master caught fire, the princess suffered a lot. She stayed at the Dai Giac Pagoda to finish the zen master’s retirement ceremony. 3 days later, the princess drank poison and committed suicide right at the back of Dai Giac Pagoda, ending an unfair love affair. (to be continue)