The mystery of the location of the last tomb of Alexander the Great
The remains of Alexander the Great, who died over 2,300 years ago, have been moved many times and have yet to find a final resting place.
At the age of 32, Alexander the Great conquered a land stretching from the Balkans to present-day Pakistan, becoming the head of one of the greatest empires of antiquity. Despite his fame and impressive achievements, his final resting place remains a mystery. living science reported on 4/9.
Alexander the Great died in Babylon in 323 BC. Not long after, his empire too collapsed as generals and officials vied for control. One of his generals, Ptolemy, took control of Alexander the Great’s body and brought it to Memphis, Egypt, in 321 BC. C., writes Egyptologist Chris Naunton in his book “Finding the Lost Tombs of Egypt”.
Historical records suggest that the body of Alexander the Great was probably kept in Memphis (an ancient city located near Cairo) until the construction of the tomb in Alexandria was completed and his remains moved. “It is not clear when this happened, but it could take several decades,” Naunton said. According to historical records, at the end of the third century BC, another tomb was dedicated to Alexander, called “Sema” or “Soma”, built in Alexandria It seems to be the last mausoleum to house the remains of Alexander the Great, Naunton wrote.
Experts still do not know exactly where this last grave is located. The current location of the tomb may be under water, according to the ancient Greek historian Strabo. However, it is also possible that the mausoleum is further inland. Experts can’t be sure of this, according to Naunton.
“Ancient records tell us that the tomb of Alexander the Great is next to that of the Ptolemies in the Alexandria palace complex, but the exact location is unknown,” said Andrew Erskine, a professor at the University of Edinburgh.
It is very likely that the tomb of Alexander the Great will not be found. “Perhaps the structure is not much left after centuries of human and natural destruction, the modern city has completely covered the ancient city before,” Naunton said.
He added that even if the remains of the tomb were found, experts may not be able to determine that the tomb actually belonged to Alexander the Great. Historical texts give very little information about the shape of the tomb and may require an inscription for identification.
Although the location of Alexander the Great’s final tomb is unknown, there is a site and artifact that still exists today and may have contained his remains. The first is a structure east of Alexandria called the Alabaster Tomb. The tomb has no inscriptions but is quite large. It is very likely that this is the place where the remains of Alexander the Great were kept after the remains were first moved to Alexandria. The mausoleum dates back to approximately the 3rd century BC. C. and some parts are similar in design to other ancient tombs in Macedonia.
It is also said that a sarcophagus built for Nectanebo II, the pharaoh who fled from Egypt around 343 BC. When the Persians invaded, he kept the remains of Alexander the Great for a time, possibly after the remains were first brought to Memphis from Babylon. The sarcophagus is now in the British Museum in London.
Some scholars believe that the tomb will eventually be discovered. Independent researcher Andrew Chugg has identified several potential sites in Alexandria. Archaeologist Zahi Hawass, a former minister in Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities, believes the tomb is located in what is now the Latin cemetery at El-Shatby, Alexandria.
thursday (According living science)