Technology

Agriculture solves the market problem before paving the way for 4.0

Many technology enterprises do smart farming

According to the Central Institute for Economic Management, the agricultural sector plays an important role in contributing to Vietnam’s economic growth. The problem is that agriculture grows based on traditional inputs, outdated technology, low productivity, and low quality, which makes it difficult to compete. But if the achievements of Industry 4.0 are applied to agriculture, it will increase the efficiency of resource use, reduce labor, reduce losses due to natural disasters, epidemics, environmental safety, save costs in each period. stage or the whole process of production – processing – consumption.

Up to this point, quite a few large Vietnamese enterprises have announced to jump into the field of smart agriculture, high-tech agriculture such as Hoang Anh Gia Lai, Vingroup, Hoa Phat, Thaco … and recently VNPT.

Mr. Truong Gia Binh, Chairman of the Vietnam Digital Agriculture Association, said that digital agriculture in era 4.0 is the most sophisticated of all industries. Agriculture touches on life’s most important secret, which is biotechnology, genetic engineering, and that’s numbers.

According to the Chairman of the Vietnam Digital Agriculture Association, thanks to the application of digital technology, agriculture will connect with farmers through smartphones. Thereby, each producer has all the necessary information, can ask questions and the robot will answer the necessary knowledge. Mr. Binh gave an example, in the past, farmers often went to catch worms, when they saw them, they caught them but never saw them all. To choose a safe way, farmers have to spray a lot of pesticides, making Vietnam’s agricultural products dirtier and cheaper.

“We have to research science and technology to be able to drop a drone over the fields. Specialized devices will take pictures of the field themselves, and artificial intelligence will automatically read that image, detecting locations with worms. What kind of worm is treated with, how much dose, then the computer will tell farmers, so the amount of plant protection drug can be reduced hundreds of times, “said Truong Gia Binh.

“We will do agriculture in unprecedented ways, be the most modern country in terms of agriculture, not a country that accepts to be late”, Mr. Truong Gia Binh emphasized and expected Vietnamese businesses to have can be rich because of digital agriculture.

Agriculture solves the market problem before paving the way for 4.0
Applying technology and solving market problems is considered a lever for Vietnamese agriculture and farmers.

Similar to the model offered by FPT, a representative of VNPT said that in order to do smart farming, VNPT has chosen a cooperation model with its partner OPTiM (a company specializing in IoT and AI equipment manufacturing and supply). support remote solution, leading smart agriculture in Japan). Specifically, the drone will fly over large fields to take pictures and transfer them to an image analysis server. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) automatically detects areas with pests and then the drone itself will do the job of spraying pesticides at the right places of infected crops. Thus, it is possible to save up to 99% of pesticides. When harvesting, the part of the field that has been sprayed is marked and removed, so there will be 100% clean agricultural products without pesticides.

Drones also take pictures and transfer to data analysis of soil chemistry and plant care, predicting plant growth. With this data, farmers can calculate their crop’s ability to harvest.

VNPT said that this is a model being applied in Japan with large sample rice fields, clean rice products without pesticides, Japanese farmers do not have to grow rice in expensive greenhouses to avoid pests. This approach is suitable for Vietnamese agriculture if there is support from technology enterprises. VNPT realizes that Vietnam can cooperate with Japanese partners to implement smart agriculture in a very different way.

Agriculture needs to solve the market problem

In fact, there are many technology enterprises jumping into smart agriculture, but no model has been widely promoted in Vietnam. There are many directions to develop smart agriculture, but it seems that we have not really touched the “long circuit” of Vietnamese agriculture. Currently, the proportion of people living in rural areas accounts for more than 60% and if we can bring technology to change people’s lives in rural areas, it will have a very strong impact on the development of socio-economic life. country association.

With the current advancement of science and technology, businesses can accelerate the application for farmers, but first, they must solve the problem of the market and output for products. If creating a good market, the application of technology will be much more favorable because they see the benefits, not the pain of “depreciating season”.

When the 4.0 revolution is strongly affecting and affecting every activity of life, farmers can also apply technology to solve their market problems. Chairman of the Vietnam E-commerce Association (VECOM) Nguyen Thanh Hung said that by organizing a channel to consume agricultural products through e-commerce platforms, farmers not only have more sales channels but also can better promote their products to partners and consumers.

An interesting example in Japan, in the past, agricultural products were concentrated in cooperatives, then sold to traders, to retailers, and then to consumers. But the Tabe Choku e-commerce site, which allows farmers to sell directly to buyers without intermediaries, has flourished at the time of Covid-19. Tabe Choku became one of the intermediary platforms used in the agricultural sector. Buyers select agricultural products from farms, communicate with farmers before deciding to buy. Thanks to that, customers know the origin of food and the safety of goods. On Tabe Choku, there are about 10,000 kinds of agricultural products for sale, including vegetables, fruits, seafood,… This e-commerce site is supported by the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries to develop faster. .

In Vietnam, the Ministry of Information and Communications is supporting farmers to put their products on e-commerce platforms Postmart and Voso to help them sell their products nationwide. The Ministry of Information and Communications hopes that this way will help farmers get a large market and sell their products at high prices, and consumers can also buy products with clear sources and clear quality. The Ministry of Information and Communications has identified 2021 as the year of stronger actions to digitally transform the country. The National Digital Transformation Program also selected agriculture as one of eight priority areas for digital transformation.

Thai Khang

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