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Teachers in remote areas buckling due to lack of human resources

Reluctantly teaching unprofessional

Recently, Le Huu Trac Middle School and High School (Dak Ngo Commune, Tuy Duc District, Dak Nong Province) said there were reports of overtime teaching due to a shortage of teachers in the 2022-2023 school year.

According to the report, the total number of students in Le Huu Trac Middle School and High School is 923 students; There are 22 classes, of which the lower secondary level is 20 classes with 834 students and the upper secondary level has 2 classes with 75 students.

Meanwhile, the total number of officers, teachers and staff of the whole school has 25 staffs. The number of middle and high school teachers of the whole school is 24 teachers (of which 5 teachers are contracted with 102 to teach high schools).

Ms. Chau Thi Hong Nhan – Vice Principal of Le Huu Trac Middle and High School said that, compared to regulations, the whole school is currently short of 16 teachers (3 Math teachers; 2 Literature teachers; 1 Physics teacher; 1 teacher). Geography teacher; 3 English teachers; 1 PE teacher; 1 Informatics teacher, 1 History teacher; 1 teacher Education citizen; 1 Biology teacher; 1 Technology teacher).

Education - Teachers in remote areas buckling due to lack of human resources

The lack of teachers at Le Huu Trac Middle School and High School has put a lot of pressure on teachers and schools.

Facing the shortage of teachers mentioned above, the school’s professional department has assigned some staff and teachers to teach overtime, with a total of 4,306 lessons in the first semester of the school year 2022-2023.

Le Huu Trac, Vice Principal of Middle School and High School, said that the lack of human resources caused teachers in the school to work twice as many hours as prescribed and face a lot of pressure. For example, an English teacher of the school has to undertake 38 periods per week, while the regulation is 19 hours. Similarly, a Informatics teacher has to teach 27 periods, according to the regulations, 19 hours.

In addition, there are 5 contract teachers 102 (teaching high school math, physics, national defense education, physical education, English) who both teach high school and have to support middle school teaching. Similarly, there are 6 teachers (teaching subjects of Biology, Informatics, Literature, History, Geography) of the lower secondary level who must support the teaching of high school classes.

Not only that, the shortage of teachers also makes many teachers reluctant to teach outside their profession. Accordingly, in many cases, teachers of Literature have to teach Geography; PE teachers have to teach technology; Music teachers teach Technology… Unprofessional teaching not only makes teachers spend a lot of time learning and developing teaching plans, but also not ensuring the quality of lectures. This is a great disadvantage for students in the learning process.

Ms. Chu Thi Thuong, a biology teacher at Le Huu Trac Middle School and High School shared: “Every week, I have to teach up to 31 lessons, while the regulation is 18 hours. The shortage of teachers in the past time makes us not have time to take care of our family and invest improve expertise, spearhead quality”.

Education - Teachers in remote areas are overwhelmed by the lack of human resources (Figure 2).

Due to the lack of human resources, many teachers have to teach twice as many lessons as prescribed.

According to Ms. Chau Thi Hong Nhan, overtime teaching due to lack of teachers has been going on for 3 years at the school. The reason is due to an increase in the number of classes and students compared to before (specifically, an increase of 3 middle school classes, with 120 students compared to the school year 2021-2022, excluding the number of classes and the number of high school students). On the other hand, due to the separation of schools, some secondary school teachers have moved to other schools in Tuy Duc district.

The demand is great, but it is delivered in a trickle

Worth mentioning, the situation of teachers occurs not only at Le Huu Trac Middle School and High School but also exists in many localities in Dak Nong province.

According to report No. 442/BC-UBND dated July 29, 2022 of the People’s Committee of Dak Nong province, currently the number of people working in public preschool and general education institutions in Dak Nong province is much less than the norm. level. Specifically, the preschool level lacks 217 people; primary level 387 people; There are 245 people at the lower secondary level and 117 people at the high school level.

“The lack of teachers affects the assignment of teaching, educational activities, job arrangements and arrangements to send training to raise the standard level according to regulations” – report of the Provincial People’s Committee Dak Nong show.

In addition, due to a shortage of teachers, some districts and cities can only enroll students aged 5-6 years or older, unable to enroll students from 3-4 years old. and 4-5 years old. On the other hand, in the main school centers, due to the lack of teachers, the grouping has to be implemented, leading to a high number of students, exceeding the regulations on the number of students/class.

Mr. Le Xuan Thuan – Head of the Department of Organizational apparatus (Department of Home Affairs of Dak Nong province) said that the shortage of teachers in the province has been going on for many years and the shortage has been serious since the 2018-2019 school year. In recent years, the province has implemented many solutions to overcome this situation. For example, reduce the number of school staff (medical, clerical, treasurer, accountant) to increase classroom teachers. At the same time, review the places of excess and shortage for timely adjustment. However, up to now, the shortage of teachers has not been overcome.

Talking about the cause of the above-mentioned shortage of teachers, Mr. Thuan said that in implementing the downsizing of the staff according to the general policy of the Party Central Committee, Dak Nong is one of the provinces that must reduce 10% of the staffing rate. industry in the period 2016-2021.

Education - Teachers in remote areas are overwhelmed by the lack of human resources (Figure 3).

Because of the shortage of teachers, some teachers of Informatics in Tuy Duc district have to teach inter-schools.

On the other hand, Dak Nong province is a new economic region, attracting many local labor sources to live, work and study. Therefore, the situation of natural population growth, population due to free migration from the Northern, Central and Southwestern provinces to live and work in the province. Thereby, leading to an increase in the demand for education, medical examination and treatment…

Not only that, due to the characteristics of the topography, in Dak Nong province, there are schools in remote areas, remote areas, and ethnic minority areas where the percentage of students (10-15 students) in class is low but must still be maintained. Because if the school is merged with the main schools in the center, the students will have to go a long way, the difficulties will lead to dropping out of school.

In addition, the implementation of the General Education Program in 2018 still faced many difficulties and failed to meet the actual needs. Specifically, when implementing the General Education Program in 2018 at the primary level, grade 3 was required to study English and Informatics; In high school, there are Music and Fine Arts subjects. Meanwhile, teacher training institutions throughout the country have not timely supplemented the number of teachers in these subjects to meet the implementation of the 2018 General Education Program. That leads to a lack of educational resources. students in English, Informatics, Music, and Fine Arts. This is also the reason why the number of assigned staff has not yet been recruited.

Faced with the above situation, the People’s Committee of Dak Nong province has asked the Ministry of Home Affairs to consider promulgating a priority mechanism in downsizing the payroll, not streamlining 10% of the number of people who work for salaries from the state budget. or reduce the rate to 5% in the period 2022-2026 for provinces and cities that are mountainous, highland, areas with extremely difficult socio-economic conditions, ethnic minority areas such as Dak Nong province. .

Simultaneously, the Ministry of Education and Training is requested to coordinate with the Ministry of Home Affairs to report to the Prime Minister for consideration and assigning an additional number of people to work so that the province can recruit more teachers and staff in educational institutions. Kindergarten and public schools in the 2022-2023 school year are 966 people.

On the other hand, consider the policy so that the locality can implement the contract of teachers (in addition to the number of assigned non-business staff) to ensure the teaching and learning needs; for the policy that public non-business units that self-finance a part of recurrent expenditure can sign professional labor contracts.

However, after the above proposal, Dak Nong province is only assigned to add 115 people to work with salaries from the state budget in public education in Dak Nong province in 2022.

“With this additional number of staff, it basically solves a part, but cannot guarantee to solve the shortage of teachers in the area, especially at preschool and primary level,” said Mr. Thuan.

According to Mr. Thuan, among the above-mentioned additionally assigned targets, there are 17 additional staffs for high schools, but so far, recruitment has not been possible. “The payroll is there, but for schools in remote areas, it is very difficult to recruit. Because, according to the recent regulations of the Ministry of Education and Training, the recruitment of teachers of high school and above must have a university degree. Besides, many cases have been able to recruit teachers for remote schools, especially difficult, but right after receiving a contract or working for a short time, the teacher resigns or changes jobs. Therefore, many subjects such as Informatics, Music, and Fine Arts cannot recruit teachers,” explained Mr. Thuan.

Khanh Ngoc’s

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