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8-year-old child is thirsty, urinates a lot, is diagnosed with a disease that requires lifelong treatment

Doctor Nguyen Manh Tuan, Department of Endocrinology, Central Hospital of Endocrinology, said that in the past time, the department has received about 10 patients from 7-18 years old admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. very high blood pressure.

Like the case of an 8-year-old girl being treated at the ward. Before the time of admission, the patient constantly felt thirsty, drank a lot, urinated a lot, thin, lost weight, tired, blurred vision, bedwetting.

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The patient is being treated at the Department of Endocrinology, National Hospital of Endocrinology (Photo: H. Hai).

When taken to the National Hospital of Endocrinology for examination, the baby’s blood sugar increased to 26.1 mmol/l, many times higher than normal people.

After doing diagnostic tests, the patient was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, treated aggressively, rehydrated, controlled blood sugar with insulin, adjusted nutrition.

“After nearly a week of treatment, the baby’s condition has improved very well, the blood sugar is more stable, a few days later, he will be discharged from the hospital for outpatient treatment,” said Dr.

Dr. Tuan said, type 1 diabetes is a medical condition that occurs when the pancreas does not produce or produces very little insulin, leading to severe endogenous insulin deficiency. Without insulin, blood glucose cannot enter the cells and gradually accumulates in the blood leading to hyperglycemia, while the cells are “energy hungry” because they cannot receive glucose. When blood sugar is high for a long time, it will harm the body and cause many dangerous symptoms and complications of diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is common in children and young adults, can start from a few months old, the most common age is 10-14 years old.

The cause of type 1 diabetes is up to 95% of cases due to autoimmune mechanisms and 5% of unknown causes. Some risk factors such as infection with Coxsackie Virus, Rubella, Cytomegalo.. or early exposure to cow’s milk diet are also associated with disease onset.

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Dr. Tuan instructs his family to adjust the diet for the patient (Photo: T.Quynh).

Dr. Tuan further information, type 1 diabetes is not a genetic disease. However, a person is more likely to develop type 1 diabetes if there is an immediate family member such as a parent or sibling with the condition.

This disease is usually detected only when children have strong symptoms such as: thirst, drinking a lot, urinating a lot, thin and losing weight, fatigue, blurred vision, bedwetting – when the child did not have it before.

When a patient shows signs of abdominal pain, vomiting, confusion, rapid deep breathing, breath that smells of ripe fruit (ripe apples), warning signs of danger, it is necessary to take them immediately to a medical facility. to be examined, diagnosed and treated in a timely manner.

Type 1 diabetes requires lifelong insulin therapy. Besides, it is necessary to adjust the diet and activities accordingly, absolutely do not give up the starch group (Carbohydrates) but only reduce the appropriate amount.

Dr. Tuan also recommends that patients absolutely do not believe the advertising content to cure diabetes. In fact, many patients are controlling their disease well thanks to treatment, listening to word of mouth to quit smoking, taking herbal medicines, functional foods… causing blood sugar to spike, in some critical cases, even new drug poisoning present in floating drugs.

“Diabetes is a chronic disease that requires lifelong treatment. With type 1 diabetes, there is no specific prevention method. When warning signs appear, it is necessary to go to the hospital early for diagnosis and treatment. suitable,” said Dr. Tuan.

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